GREETING
Dear Delegates,

We are very happy to welcome all of you as our respected delegates in our second
annual agenda, Rotaract Global Model United Nations Special Edition, 2020. This
conference will be held in Pune, India. The conference will open the opportunity to
young leaders from International relations. Politics and academia in general, to
exercise, improve, and also implement their negotiation, critical thinking and
diplomacy skills with different topics and committees. This year, RGMUN hopes to
emerge as one of the Model United Nations conferences that aim to advocate
students to develop their critical thinking, strong analysis, debate, networking, as well
as diplomatic skill with a different atmosphere and amazing venue and place.

RGMUN 2020 invites all delegates around the world to be representatives of their
country and gain experience and knowledge in accordance with this conference. We
have prepared the best to provide all delegates with a delightful, enriching and one
of the best experiences possible. This is a unique opportunity for all to better
understand some of the cultural nuances that affects policies on an international
level.

Aiming to encourage the participants to envision a new perspective in understanding
the UN’s role and global issues, we also provide this guide for delegates in order to
help those delegates with little prior experience in Model United Nations to get a
better understanding of how to be a delegate of Model United Nations, we also
encourage all delegates to spend a significant amount of time reading through this
guide. This guide will provide you with a foundation of how the committee will work
and how best to approach the simulation. For more experienced delegates, the
guidance can be used as the additional information to gain knowledge about the
Model United Nations conference.

Furthermore, we also select topics that are related to global issues as well as
RGMUN’s grand theme and that of the United Nations agenda. We also hope that
this agenda could increase your innovative and diverse solution delivered through
fruitful discussion, chaired by experienced Secretariat members and seasoned
MUNers.

In short, we ensure that Rotaract Global Model United Nations can bring much more
benefits and positive impact on your future ahead. Your resolutions once passed, will
be shared with the relevant departments at the United Nations. We wish you the very
best luck with your preparation and looking forward to seeing and welcoming you to
Pune, India.

Sincerely,
Secretariat team
Rotaract Global Model United Nations Special Edition 2020

Pre-Writing Policy

Any documents written before the conference may not be submitted to the
committee staff as part of a working paper, draft resolution, or amendment during
RGMUN. The RGMUN philosophy is founded on the idea that the best solutions are
generated through rigorous debate, collaboration, and compromise, and as such, all
papers presented before a committee should reflect collaboration that occurred
within that committee. All writings are expected to take place after the start of the first
committee session and comprise the work of more than one delegation. Members of
the committee staff have been instructed not to accept documents that do not seem
as though they could have been feasibly written during the conference, based on the
content of the document and/or the time at which it is submitted. Any delegates who,
for whatever reason, are suspected of submitting pre-written work will be subject to
an investigation that may result in disciplinary action, up, including reduced
consideration for individual or delegation awards, expulsion from the conference,
and/or disqualification from future attendance at RGMUN. Any suspicious regarding
an infraction of the pre-writing policy should be brought to the immediate attention of
the committee Director.

Plagiarism Policy

The open exchange of ideas plays a crucial role in the debate. However, it is
important for all delegates to acknowledge clearly when they have relied upon or
incorporated the work of others. It is expected that all material submitted to the
committee staff before and during the conference will be the delegates’ own work.
Delegates should always take great care to distinguish their own ideas and
knowledge from any information derived from sources through the proper citation of
all quoted and paraphrased material. Delegates who are in any doubt should consult
their advisor (if one is provided), Chair, and/or Secretary-General before the work is
prepared or submitted. Plagiarism can take many forms, including:

1. Verbatim plagiarism using the words of outside sources or another delegate
    without proper citation.
2. Inadequate paraphrase adapting the ideas of an outside source or another
    delegate without acknowledging the origin of those ideas;
3. Material replications submitting writing that have been previously used in an
    academic or extra-curricular setting, or in a different model UN committee.
   All materials submitted to the dais will be vetted for plagiarism. Any suspicious
   regarding an infraction of the plagiarism policy should be brought to the immediate
   attention of the committee Director.

RULES OF PROCEDURE

ROTARACT GLOBAL MODEL UNITED NATIONS 2020


This guide is an essential reference for any delegate attending an RGMUN
conference 2020 and provides insight into the RGMUN Rules of Procedure


A. GENERAL RULES


1. SCOPE


These Rules of Procedure are used in RGMUN. No other rules of
procedure are applicable. If the director provides alternate rules based
on the nature of the committee, those rules will always take
precedence in the event of a conflict.

2. LANGUAGE


English shall be the official working language of the session. The
speeches, statements, motions, and points shall be made solely in
English, while no other language shall be allowed during the sessions.

 

3. DRESS CODE


Formal attire is the official dress code for all sessions. No sandals, t-
shirts, and/or shorts are permitted to be worn during the conference.
Formal attire for men includes blazer, neatly buttoned shirt, trousers,
and formal shoes or sneakers; ties are optional. Formal attire for ladies
includes the formal dress or neat shirt and formal skirt, and formal
shoes. The Chair has the authority to take further measures in the
event of delegate wearing inappropriate attire.

4. DELEGATE


a. Each Member State will be represented by one delegate and will
    only be granted one vote in each council.


b. Delegates are expected to have carefully read these rules of
    procedure and to have thoroughly prepared for every session.


c. Placards and delegates’ identity cards will be handed over prior to
    commencing sessions.

d. Delegates must always refer to themselves in the third person by
    the name of the State or Organization they are representing, or with
    the first-person plural. For example: “We believe.”, “Germany
    believes…”, “The Delegate of Germany believes…”, but not “I
    believe”.

5. COURTESY

Delegates should show courtesy and respect to the Secretariat,
committee staff, advisors and fellow delegates.

 

6. CREDENTIALS


The credentials of the Secretariat and delegates have been accepted
prior to the opening of the conference. Actions relating to the alteration
of rights or credentials of any member may only be initiated at the
consent of the Secretary-General.


7. PARTICIPANTS


It is obligatory for all delegates to participate in all consecutive
committee sessions. Delegates who are not being respectful to the

whole agenda during the conference will not be entitled to
acknowledgement and will not be eligible for the award given.

8. SECRETARIAT AND SECRETARY GENERAL


The Secretariat comprises of the Secretary-General and the Chairs.
The Secretariat will direct the staff required by all the committees. The
Secretariat may at any time make written or oral statements to the
committee.


9. USE OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND NOTES

a. It is expected that all delegates bring an electronic device to
    RGMUN 2020.


b. All working papers and draft resolutions must be word-processed,
    and the director may request amendments be word-processed at
    their discretion.


c. The usage of electronic devices during moderated caucus or at the
    General Speakers’ List may be prohibited at the discretion of the
    head table.

d. Delegates should not talk unless recognized by the head table or in
   an un-moderated caucus. Delegates are welcome to communicate
   during sessions by passing notes, so long as this does not become
   disruptive.

10. DAIS

a. In the exercise of their functions stated hereafter, the chairs are
    subject to these rules and reports directly to the Secretary-General.
b. The Chairs entertain equal authority in front of the Assembly and
    their cooperation is governed by internal rules applicable to staff 
    members, as defined by the secretariat

c. The Chair (any reference to the “Chair” hereafter includes both staff
    members) will have complete control of the proceedings at any
    formal meeting and ensure the adherence to these rules. In
    particular, the Chair will declare the opening and closing of each
    meeting, direct discussion, record the right to speak, put questions,

    announce decisions, and rule on points of order. The Chair may also
    propose the adoption of any procedural motion to which there is no
    significant objection. In case of disruptive or dilatory behaviour of
    any delegates, the Chair reserves the right to take appropriate
    measures. The Chair may direct discussion to a limited extent at
    their discretion, but the expectation is that the debate will be led by
    the delegates and not the Chair.

d. In case of a procedural issue not covered by these rules, the Chair
    will make a decision that is considered compliant with the spirit of
    these rules. In this event, the chair will announce to the council the
    use of this rule. Decision taken by the Chair under this rule can be
    subject to appeal.

e. A delegate may immediately appeal any decision of the Chair by
   raising a motion, with the exception of those matters that are
   explicitly stated to be un-appealable within these rules. The Chair 
   may speak briefly in defence of the ruling. The appeal will then be
   put to a vote, and the decision of the Chair will stand unless
   overruled by a two-thirds majority of those members present. This is
   a procedural vote, and thus all members present must vote.

f. One of the duties of the Chair is to moderate speaking time, and as
   such, they will gavel during speeches to indicate remaining time,
   and the elapse of speaking time. The Chair will indicate at the start
   of the conference at what interval they will gavel, and Delegates
   who are confused should raise a point of Parliamentary Inquiry.

11. QUORUM


The director may declare to open a committee session when at least
one-quarter of the members of the council are present. A member of
the council is a representative who is officially registered in that council.
The presence of a majority of the members will be required for a vote
on any resolution. A roll call is never required to determine the
presence of a quorum.

12. ROLL CALL


a. Roll call will be conducted at the beginning of each session by the
   Chair in alphabetical order. Delegates shall establish their presence
   in the committee in either of the two following manners:


• Present and voting: should vote “in favour / yes” or “against /
no” in the substantive matter, without any possibility to pass or
abstain.
•Present: shall vote “in favour / yes”, “against / no”, abstain and
pass on the substantive matter.


b. After roll call, The Chair will announce simple and two-thirds
   majority, as well as the minimum sponsors of Draft Resolution
   submission and amendment.


c. Delegates who arrive during or after the roll call are required to
   send notes to the Chair stating whether they are “present” or
   “present and voting”.

B. DEBATE


• Minute of Silence


An opportunity for prayer or meditation at the very beginning and at the
very end of each session. Any delegate may move for a minute of
silence before the first roll call takes place or immediately after the
debate has been adjourned.


• The setting of the Agenda


A process of deciding which topics will be discussed first. To start
agenda-setting process, a delegate should raise a motion to set the
agenda. Then, the Chair will invite two speakers in favour and two
speakers against to speak for one minute each and proceed to the
voting procedure. It requires a simple majority to decide which topic
shall be discussed first.

• General Speakers’ List


After the topic has been decided, the council will proceed to general
speakers’ list. Delegates may speak generally on the topic area being
considered. The Chair will invite those delegates who want to be put on
the list. The default speaking time for each speaker is one minute thirty
seconds.


If there is still time remaining, delegates are able to yield their remaining time
in one of the three following ways:


i. Yield to another delegate
   The remaining time will be yielded to the delegate designated by
   the Speaker, and the designated delegate is free to accept the

   yield or no. If the delegate does not accept, the time is
   automatically yielded back to the Chair.
ii. Yield to questions
    When the time is yielded to questions, the Chair will recognize
    other delegates who will then ask their questions about the

    speech. The speaker is not obliged to answer the questions
    directed at them.
iii. Yield to the Chair
     If the remaining time is yielded back to the Chair, the debate will
     continue with the next speaker on the list.

• Absence


Delegates who are absent from the council when recognized by the
DAIS forfeit their time. The moderator shall continue with the debate.

• Motions


Motions are proposed by delegates to drive the debate, such as
proposing specific topics to be discussed by the council. Motions and
points shall be raised when the floor is declared open by the Chair. The
motion will require a simple majority to pass. There are several motions
that are being used, such as:


a. Motion to set the agenda: to decide which topic area will be
    discussed first

b. Motion for a moderated caucus

c. Motion for an unmoderated caucus

d. Motion to extend the previous moderated caucus /
    unmoderated caucus

e. Motion to close/table the debate: to stop the ongoing
   substantive debate. If this is passed by the council through
   two-thirds majority, the council need to reset the agenda.


f. Motion to suspend the meeting: to halt all council activities
   until the next scheduled meeting.

g. Motion to adjourn the meeting: to end all council activities,
    will be in order immediately before the official ending of the
    conference.

• Points


The following points are in order when the floor is open:


i. Point of Personal Privilege: used when a delegate experiences
   personal discomfort that hinders their ability to participate in the
   conference, such as the temperature of the room, distractions
   during committee session, and many more.


ii. Point of Parliamentary Inquiry: used when a delegate has a
    question about something that is not clearly understood in the
    committee session.


iii. Point of Order: used when a delegate believes that there was a
     mistake made regarding the rules of procedures

• Moderated Caucus


Moderated Caucus begins with motion raised by delegates, by
mentioning the specific topic that will be discussed, the total time to
discuss it, and each speaker’s speaking time. If the motion has been
declared passed through a simple majority, The Chair will invite
delegates who wish to speak after the delegate who proposed the
motion. The delegates will conduct speeches based on that motion.
Moving around the room, cross-talking or having a conversation with
other delegates during moderated caucus is prohibited.

• Unmoderated Caucus


Unmoderated Caucus also begins with a motion raised by the delegate
to conduct an unmoderated caucus with specific total time. Raising a
motion to conduct an unmoderated caucus does not require any
specific issue to be discussed. This unmoderated caucus facilitates
delegates to deliberate their ideas and interests through the delegate-
to-delegate conversational approach. This is also the right time for
delegates to find allies, form blocs, as well as composing working
papers and draft resolutions regarding the topics.

• Consultation of the Whole


Delegates may motion for an informal consultation of the entire council
in which the rules of parliamentary procedure are suspended and goes
without the council members moderate the ensuing discussion. It is
similar to Unmoderated Caucus and is entertained at the discretion of
the DAIS. The delegate making the motion must specify the time limit
and a topic of the discussion for the consultation of the whole, not
exceeding fifteen (15) minutes. The motion will be put into a vote and
requires a simple majority to pass. During the execution of this motion,
delegates will be expected to remain in their seats and be respectful of
speakers at all times. The moderation will be carried out by the
council’s delegates. The DAIS will only permit three consultations of
the whole throughout the whole conference and can only be extended
for a maximum of five minutes under the discretion of the DAIS. The
decision is not subject to appeal.

• Closure of Debate


Delegates are encouraged to move to the closure of the debate after debate on the
introduction of the draft resolution, introduction of an amendment, and to close the
whole debate on the council. A simple majority vote us required for this motion to
pass when closing the debate on the introduction of draft resolutions and
amendments. However, when the closure of the whole debate is moved, the
directors will recognize two speakers against the motion. Closure of the whole
debate requires the support of two-thirds of the council. If the council is in favour of
closing the whole debate, the moderator will close the whole debate and move the
council to an immediate substantive voting procedure on draft resolutions.

• Suspension and Adjournment of the Meeting


Whenever the floor is open, a delegate may move for the suspension of the meeting
(postponing all committee functions for break time of the conference) or for the
adjournment of the meeting (adjourning all committee functions until the next
meeting and can only be done at the end of the last session). The moderator may
rule such motions out of order. These decisions are not subject to appeal. When in
order, these motions are not debatable and will be immediately put to a vote barring
any motions taking precedence and they require a majority to pass. A motion to
adjourn the meeting will only be put in order under the Board of DAIS’

discretion and recognition of the Under-Secretary-General of Conference. A motion
to adjourn the meeting is only in order for the last committee session.

C. SPEECHES


1. Speeches

The delegates will be able to deliver their speeches after having previously obtained
the permission of the Chair. The maximum time of speeches varies, based on the
motion proposed by other delegates. The time limit for speeches is always subject to
the Chair’s approval. In delivering the speeches, each delegate is required to refer to
themselves in the third person by the name of the State or Organization they are
representing. If a delegate exceeds the permitted time, the chairperson may call the
speaker to order.

2. Right of Reply


A delegate whose national integrity has been compromised by another delegate may
request a right of reply to the speaker after his/her time has elapsed. The chair’s
decision regarding a right of reply may not be appealed. If granted, the delegate
receiving the right of reply may speak for a maximum one minute.

D. RELATED DOCUMENTS


1. Working Paper


Working Paper is used by Delegates to present their ideas and information regarding
the topic that has been discussed previously. This Working Paper does not have any
format, and there is no maximum number of working papers. A working paper can be
submitted by an individual delegate or a bloc.
The Chair will open submission for Working Papers and declare the time limit for
submission of the Working Paper and the method to submit it.
In case when there are more than one working papers, the numberings will be under
the decision of The Chair. After working papers have been received by The Chair,
delegates can discuss the Working Paper by raising a

moderated caucus to discuss the Working Paper with the number that has been
decided by the Chair.

2. Draft Resolution


Draft Resolution contains solutions and contents to address the issue being debated,
which also has to answer the Question a Resolution Must Answer (QARMAs) written

in the Study Guide. Draft Resolution has rigid formats, such as the sponsors,
signatories, as well as perambulatory and operative clauses. A draft resolution
should be sponsored by a maximum of four persons and signed by at least ten (10)
% of the council before it can be entertained. The sponsors of one draft resolution
can’t be sponsors or signatories of another draft resolution, but the signatories of one
draft resolution can be signatories of another draft resolution.

The Chair will determine the time limit for the submission of the draft resolution, the
method to submit it, and the maximum amount of draft resolutions recognized by the
Chair. If there are more than one draft resolutions, the numberings of draft resolution
will be under the decision of the Chair.
After the Chair recognizes draft resolutions, the sponsors of draft resolutions can
introduce their draft resolutions by raising a motion. In order for the motion to be
passed, it will need a simple majority. The Chair will then invite the representatives
from each bloc to introduce their Draft Resolution. The maximum representatives
from each bloc are under the decision of the Chair. After that, The Chair will open
question and answer session so that other delegates in the council can ask
questions regarding the draft resolution being presented. The maximum time limit for
the presentation of draft resolution will be determined by the Chair.
A draft resolution may not be withdrawn from the floor. If delegates wish to merge
two draft resolutions, or substantially amend a single draft resolution, they should
submit their work as a new draft resolution.

3. Division of The Question


After the debate on a draft resolution has been closed, a delegate may motion to
vote on a set of operative clauses separately. The moderator will then take

all further motions to divide and arrange the question from most severe to least
severe. If there is an objection to the division of the question, the motion will be
debated by two speakers for and two speakers against. A simple majority is required
to pass. If it passes, the draft resolution shall be divided accordingly, and a separate
vote will be taken on each divided part to determine whether it is in the final draft.
Parts of the substantive proposals that have passed voting procedure will be

recombined into the final resolution and be put to a substantive vote as a whole. If all
parts of the operative clauses of the proposal are rejected, the following resolution
will be considered as rejected as a whole.

4. Clarification Points on Resolutions


At the moderator’s discretion, he or she may recognize a delegate or group of
delegates rising to answer clarification points on an introduced draft resolution, or the
moderator may answer these points him or herself. These points are non-substantive
and typically refer to typographical errors or mistakes in the punctuation and spelling
of the document in question. The moderator’s decision on this matter is not subject
to appeal. Any substantive points will be ruled out of order during this period, and the
director may end this ―clarification question-answer period‖ for any reason,
including time constraints. Motions to suspend the rules for substantive points on a
resolution may be entertained by the director.

5. Closing the Introduction of the Draft Resolutions


A motion to close debate will be in order after the committee has heard the
clarification points on resolutions. A voting procedure will then be in order and a
simple majority vote will be used to pass the motion. Once the introduction of the
draft resolution has been closed, the committee will proceed with the debate.

6. Amendment of Draft Resolution


Amendment of Draft Resolution should have the approval of the Chair and be signed
by at least one-fifth of the delegates in each committee. Amendments are numbered
in the order on the eventual size of the committee.

To introduce an amendment, a delegate should propose a motion which requires a
simple majority to pass. The time limit and procedure on the introduction are the
same as the draft resolution.

The committee will move to an immediate substantive vote on whether to adopt the
amendment. If the vote receives the simple majority required, the amendment will be
considered part of the draft resolution.

E. VOTING PROCEDURE


a. Procedural Voting

All voting is considered procedural with the exception of voting on draft resolutions.
Delegates must vote on all procedural motions, and no abstentions are allowed. A
motion that requires a simple majority needs more affirmative than negative votes to
pass. A motion that requires a two-thirds majority vote to pass requires exactly or
more than two-thirds of the delegates to be affirmative. If the required number of
speakers for or against the motion is failed to be reached, the motion will
automatically pass or fail.


b. Substantive Voting

Substantive Voting is conducted on the voting of draft resolutions and voting on
amendments. For substantive voting, each country shall have one vote. Substantive
vote for the voting on amendments will be conducted immediately after the motion to
close the debate has passed with a simple majority vote. The voting is obliged to be
conducted with all delegates’ participation. Once the vote reaches the simple
majority vote, the amendment is applied to the draft resolution. Substantive voting for
the voting on draft resolutions will be conducted by the rule of roll call. During
substantive voting of a draft resolution or amendment, the council will secure the
chamber. All delegates, Board of DAIS, and Pages are not allowed to exit the
conference room for any reason until after the substantive voting has ended.

c. Reordering Draft Resolutions


After the closure of the debate, a motion to change the order of voting on draft
resolutions currently on the floor will be in order. There will be no debate in this
motion, and it will require a simple majority to pass. The

reordering proposals will be voted on in the other that they were received. If the
order is concluded, then the floor continues immediately with roll call vote.

d. Roll Call Vote

Roll Call Vote is conducted to decide which draft resolution will be adopted by the
council as a resolution. The Chair will call countries based on alphabetical order, and
the delegates who are “present and voting” should vote “Yes”, “No”, “Yes With
Rights”, “No with Rights”, but no abstain. The delegates who are “present” may vote
“Yes”, “No”, “Yes with rights”, “No with rights”, and “Abstain”.
All delegates who request the right of explanation will be granted time to explain their
votes, not to exceed thirty seconds, after the announcement of the voting result.

e. Voting by Acclamation

The Chair has the authority to ask the delegates if they want to vote by acclamation.
Delegates can raise a motion to vote by acclamation and The Chair will ask if there
is any objection. If committee members have no objections, then the motion will
automatically be adopted without going into voting procedure. A single objection to
voting by acclamation means that the committee will go into the normal voting
procedure.

GUIDE TO MAKE A PAPER


A. Position Paper

Position Papers are short documents prepared by delegates who explain the
represented country’s history, stance, and intentions with regards to the topic to be
discussed. Usually not more than a page in length, position papers should be
succinct and clear – chairs use them to get a feel of their committee before the
conference begins and may shape debate based on the strengths and weaknesses
of submitted papers.

a. Forms and formats

• Background and history of the topic
• What is the story behind the topic being discussed? Has the UN ever tackled
this topic before, and if so what was done and how have those actions affected the
current situation?

b. Country’s stances upon the topic


• Is your country for or against the topic at hand? Research past policies or
action that was taken by your country in order to see whether your country has had
any involvement in the matter being discussed.
• If your country has had no involvement in the topic, have they been involved
in any similar situation or activities? You may extrapolate your country’s stance on
an issue by seeing how they have behaved in similar situations.

• Your country intention during the conference
What proposed solutions do you have for the topic being discussed? What results
does your country expect by the end of the conference?
All position papers should state clearly the delegate’s name, country, and committee,
and submit to the email based on the study guide of each council.

A SAMPLE POSITION PAPER


Committee : World Health Organization (WHO)

Country : Argentina

Topic : Contemplating Castration Punishment for

The lack of accountability of sexual offenders and the fear of being rejected by
community hampers the victims of sex crimes, especially children and women, to
report their cases to the authorities. In Mexico, 44% of Mexican women will
experience some form of sexual violence during their lifetime, and yet, 91% of these
crimes go unreported. the number of sex crimes is also increasing due to the lack of
law enforcement, particularly in holding sex crimes perpetrators accountable. In
India, Mathura, a 16-year-old girl was raped by two policemen inside a police station,
but then, the courts set free the accused, blaming Mathura for not raising an alarm
and not injured. Justice for the victims of sex crimes is at risk, leaving other people
more vulnerable to sex crimes. Thus, eradication of sex crimes should not only be
focused on incarceration and other law enforcement measures, but also by involving
continuous protection and assistance for the victims as well as medical measures,
such as chemical castration for the perpetrators.

In Argentina, the Penal Code recognizes various types of sexual abuse and its
impact, thus, jail punishment varies from 6 months until 15 years. Beside strong jail
punishment for the perpetrators, Argentina also involves the medical measures for
convicted people. In 2010, Argentina’s Mendoza province authorized voluntary
chemical castration treatment for rapists in return of reduced sentences. In order to
give women free-access to report to the authorities regarding sexual violence,
Argentina through National Association of Adult Survivors of Child Abuse (NAASCA)
provide several helplines, information and advice line, emergency line, and women
shelter in 28 areas across Argentina. In the international scale, WHO has recognized

the urgency of sexual violence and abuse, without paying attention to the urgency of
the medical approach to eradicating the number of sexual violence, such as
castration. Even though in many countries castrations have been being used as the
method of punishment for the sexual offender, WHO hasn’t fully addressed
castrations as a complementary way to significantly reduce recidivism rates in
certain male offenders. WHO also hasn’t addressed the urgency of medical
assistance

towards the victims of sexual violence which will make other victims hesitate to
report to the authorities
Understanding the issue of affectivity of chemical castration for convicted
perpetrators,
Argentina proposes 3 main solutions, which are:


1.

Establishing Special Division of Medical Measures against Sexual Violence,
as a division that will reduce the ineffectively of castrations practice that has been
happening in various countries. This division be responsible in creating special
procedures of conducting castrations to ensure its safety measures, doing research
and development regarding castrations for sexual criminals, equipping national and
domestic law enforcers on how to integrate such punishments in their legislations or
verdicts, as well as equipping medical personnel such as doctors in conducting
castrations for convicted people. Thus, it will increase the effectivity of castrations for
sexual offenders.

2.

Enhancing integration between courts and medical authorities in punishing
the perpetrators of sex crimes, by standardization of chemical castration methods
through balancing castration with gradual jail punishment in various countries. This
integration will address the failure of the penal system to achieve deterrence effects
for the perpetrators which are mostly caused by the lack of measurement and
balance between jail punishment and castration. This integration will be monitored
frequently by the regional office of WHO in each region, also by the Special Division
of Medical Measures against Sexual Violence, that will review and give
recommendations towards the implementation of this integration.

3.

Strengthening partnerships with various related UN bodies, such as the
United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to monitor the implementation of
integrating chemical castration as a punishment for convicted sexual criminals.

A SAMPLE OF WORKING PAPER


The purpose of the working paper is to clearly communicate the interests of one or
more countries. Please note that there is no set format for working papers; the below
is just one example of a possible working paper. To facilitate the photocopying and
delivery, working papers should include the name and topic of the committee. After
receiving the approval of the Director, working papers may be copied and distributed
to the committee.

Committee: UN Commission on Trade and Development


Topic: Generalized System of Preferences


Signatories: Algeria, United States, Colombia, United Kingdom, South Africa,
Portugal, Republic of Korea, and Spain

The authors of this working paper believe that a GSP should be set up so that Least-
Developed Countries (LDCs) receive preferential treatment from Developed
Countries (DCs). To that end we propose:

1. Each DC reduces its tariffs to the lowest level possible. This level will be
    determined by the below-created subcommittee.
2. Bilateral trade agreements should be pursued for further reductions in tariffs.
3. Trade preferences should be granted in the following areas:


a. Agriculture
b. Manufactures
c. Semi-manufactures
d. Raw materials


4. Decisions on giving nations preference in product coverage should be made
    in consultation with the affected LDC. Annual re-evaluation of coverage shall take
    place with the LDC with dispute going to the below-created subcommittee.

5. A subcommittee of UNCTAD should be created with equal membership of
   developed and developing countries. This subcommittee would have the following
   powers:


a. To mediate disputes between preference givers and receivers
b. Make recommendations which all countries should follow
c. Serve as a forum for airing grievances relating to the GSP
d. Report regularly to the Secretary-General

6. Membership should be as follows:


a. Five permanent nations from the DCs
b. Five permanent nations from the LDCs
c. Ten members elected annually by UNCTAD

   The voting rights will have to be worked out, but the UN format for subcommittees
   seems best. Of course, we are amenable to change.

A SAMPLE OF DRAFT RESOLUTION

Council : UNHCR

Topic : The Implementation of Quota Distribution in Order to Protect Refugees Right


Signatories : Qatar, Kuwait, USA, UK, Australia, Greece, Malaysia
The Human Rights Council,
Fully aware that Refugees are the future generations,

Bearing in mind all refugees in the world have the right to life, survival, and
development, Bearing in mind the rules of International Humanitarian Law applicable
to refugees in
armed conflicts, the Convention of the Rights of the Refugees, the Optional Protocol
to The Convention on The Rights of The Refugees on The Involvement of Refugees
in Armed Conflict and The Paris Commitments,
Affirming the importance of cooperation among states and also non-governmental
organizations as well as inter-governmental organizations,

Deeply disturbed by the ongoing practice of grave abuses towards refugees and the
destructive effects towards the refugees,
Firmly determined to end the violations against the rights of the refugees
Having considered the difference in the political background of the country members
on accepting the refugees,
Realizing the different capability of the country members on the economic side as
one of the major ways for helping refugees,
Declaring the guided by the purposes, principles and provisions of the Charter of the
United Nations Chapter 4 – Article 13 to promote an international cooperation in the
economic, social, cultural, educational, and health fields, and assisting in the
realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to
race, sex, language, or religion,

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
1.

Recognizes the refugees right based on what they need (1) when they left
their original state (2) their trip to reach their country destination (3) their lives inside
the hosting countries (4) when they are able to come back to their own nationalities

2.

Determines the basic fundamental of refugees rights, last but not least:

a. Rights to travel
b. Rights to gain asylum and resettlement by states
c. Rights to gain protection and security

d. Restriction of onward movement

3. Verify the countries that could be classified as donors (developed countries)
and recipients (developing countries) in the following ways:

a. A developed country, a highly developed economy and advanced
technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

b. Developing Country is a nation with a less developed industrial base and a
low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Developed and developing countries could be evaluated through:

1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
2. Gross National Product (GNP)
3. The per capita income
4. Level of industrialization
5. Amount of infrastructure
6. General standard living

4. Considers how many refugees are given by some country state for example:


a. Syria 4.2 million lives of refugees
b. Afghanistan 2.6 million lives of refugees
c. Somalia 1.1 million lives of refugees

5. Considers how many hosting countries (developing countries) are able based
on some major factors:

a. The population size of a country (40%)

b. It’s GDP (40%)

c. Unemployment rate (10%)

e. The number of spontaneous asylum applications and resettled
refugees per million inhabitants between 2010 and 2015 (10%)

6. Confirms the funds by donors country to the refugees are based on the
economic status of donors country, minimal 10% of the country’s economy for the
recipient countries,

7. Confirms the money that recipient countries need from developed country,
based on the category in the followings:

a. Total refugees, the number of refugees that the recipient country could accept
b. Economic, the economic status from a recipient country and the number of
    funds for providing a place for refugee per head

8. Encourages the implementation of refugees distribution in the developing
country based on several standards and circumstances in hosting countries:

a. Geographically, considers the capacity and area to accept the refugees
b. Total GDP reflects the absolute wealth of a country and is thus indicative for
    the capacity of an economy to absorb and integrate refugees,
c. Number of spontaneous asylum applications considers the number of
   applicants and the number of resettled refugees per 2 million inhabitants over the
   period 2010-2014
d. The unemployment rate reflects the capacity of the job opportunities to
     integrate refugees and uphold their right to get the job

9. Recommends UN to do three main mechanisms as a way to distribute the
    refugees in the housing country through following ways,


a. Security, by the United Nations Department of Safety cooperation with
   Security and The Refugee Agency in the following ways:

– Pre-screening by Resettlement Support Center (RSC) staff
– On-site interview by CIS Refugee Corps (Circuit Rides)
– Security clearance and fingerprinting,

b. Placement, by state department (Bureau for population refugees and
   migration) of members country cooperation with UNHCR in the following
   ways:
c.
– Placement allocation through 9 national voluntary agencies
– Cultural orientation and departure processing
– Initial Reception Placement
c. Transition, by the department of health and human services (office of refugee
resettlement) in the following ways:
– Interim cash and medical assistance
– Employment services, ESL, medical screening, recertification

– Specialized programs: Micro-Enterprise Development IDA, survivors of torture

10. Recall the three levels of government responsibility for every right, which are
      to respect, protect, and fulfil the rights.

11. Encourages member states government to pay serious attention to the serve
      the rights of refugees from any countries without looking from their races, religions,
      and nationalities

12. Encourages and recommends legislation to strengthen institutional and legal
      protections for refugees

13. Recommends General Assembly to form a voluntary organization that
      incentivize by UNHCR which mostly consist of refugees to involve on several issues
      such as;

a. Cultural activities to blend refugees and local people
b. Refugees events
c. Origin societies

14. Encourages cooperation between UNHCR and International Organization of
Migrants (IOM) to act any human actions such as:


a. IOM as a voluntary aid, in mobilization taking healthcare of the refugees
– Providing transit camps as the basic services in varieties of areas including
healthcare, and education
– Guide the refugees to the safe road and ensure the mobilization by land, sea,
and water

15. Confirms to rebuild an integrated and systematically framework for action that
will prevent countries from buy quotas from other countries to avoid accepting
refugees.


a. Recommend UNHCR to ensure there are no transactions of the quota system
by placing supervisor in the country with quota problems
b. Performing annual calculations for refugee’s database

16. Strongly encourages the United Nations General Assembly as an option if a
country is refusing to resettle refugees

17. Suggests the refugees who have skills to work and contribute to the hosting
country as feedback and benefit for developing countries

18. Confirms the benefits of developing countries from accepting refugees:


a. Economic (Investment in human resources and funds)

b. Infrastructure (Building education, health, security, and transportation
     services)

19. Recommends that UNHCR implementations of punishment for these cases:


a. Donor countries when the donor countries are no longer the responsibility of
    the refugees and UNHCR as example adding the number of percentages as a fine,


b. Recipient countries when the funds are miss-using and not be used as
    sources to help the refugees,

20. Recommends the collaboration between UNHCR, The Governments and the
origin of society to accept refugees and uphold their right through:


a. Cooperate in the process of understanding between governments in their
origin country with the societies about the condition of the refugees,
b. Stop the media who gives any hatred of action towards refugees,
c. Encourage the refugees to be opened to the government in the cases of right
abuses

RESOLUTION FORMATTING GUIDELINES


Heading


The title should be centred, in capital letters, above the body of the draft resolution.
The next two lines should list the name of the committee and the title of the topic,
left-aligned. Note that no authors should be listed, as there are no sponsors of draft

resolutions at RGMUN 2020. Do note, however, that draft resolutions require the
approval of the Director and Signatories should be listed in alphabetical order at the
top of the first page of the draft resolution.

Body


The body of a resolution is written in the format of a long sentence, with the following
rules:
All other committees should use their own names in the introductory line. The rest of
the resolution is composed of two sets of clauses.
The first set consists of perambulatory clauses, which describe the problem being
addressed, recall past actions taken, explain the purpose of the resolution, and offer

support for the operative clauses that follow. Each clause in the preamble begins
with an italicized (or underlined, if handwritten) word or phrase and ends with a
comma.
The second set consists of operative clauses, which are numbered and state the
action(s) to be taken by the body. These clauses all begin with present tense active
verbs, which are generally stronger words than those used to begin perambulatory
clauses. These verbs are underlined. All operative clauses, except the last, which
ends with a period, are followed by semi-colons.

Perambulatory Phrases


Affirming
Alarmed by
Approving
Aware of
Bearing in mind
Believing
Cognizant of
Confident
Contemplating
Convinced
Declaring
Deeply concerned
Deeply conscious

Deeply convinced
Deeply disturbed
Deeply regretting
Desiring
Operative Clause
Affirms

Accepts
Approves
Authorizes
Calls for
Calls upon
Condemns (SC only)
Confirms
Congratulates
Considers
Declares accordingly
Demands (SC only)
Deplores
Designates
Draws attention
Emphasizing

Expecting
Expressing its appreciation
Expressing its satisfaction
Fulfilling
Fully alarmed
Fully aware

Fully believing
Guided by
Having adopted
Having considered
Having considered further
Having devoted attention
Having examined
Having heard
Having received
Having studied

Emphasizes
Encourages
Endorses
Expresses its appreciation
Expresses its hope

Further invites
Further proclaims
Further recommends
Further reminds
Further requests

Further resolves
Has resolved
Notes
Proclaims
Reaffirms
Keeping in mind
Noting further
Noting with approval
Noting with deep concern
Noting with regret
Noting with satisfaction
Observing
Reaffirming
Realizing
Recalling

Recognizing
Referring
Seeking
Taking into account
Taking note
Viewing with appreciation Welcoming

Recommends
Regrets
Reminds
Requests
Resolves
Solemnly affirms
Strongly condemns
Supports
Takes note of
Trusts
Urges
Welcomes

 

END NOTE


All content of this Rules of Procedures is derived and adopted from London
International Model United Nations (LIMUN), The European International Model
United Nations (TEIMUN), Harvard Model United Nations (HMUN), New York Model
United Nations (NYMUN), Nanyang Technological University Model United Nations
(NTUMUN), JAVA Model United Nations (JAVAMUN), President Model United
Nations (PresMUN), and Singapore Model United